How can Indian nationals get documents attested easily?

How can Indian nationals get documents attested easily?

Proof of authenticity is necessary for documentation. This process of verifying and authenticating documents is called attestation. It incorporates legal credibility when you submit the immigration paper. So, enclosing evidence or proof of its credibility is mandatory.


Attestation on Document

In legal terms, attestation makes your documentation lawful. Certain things signify it. A stamp & signature of the authorised person indicates that the document is authentic. The attestation of documents of Indian nationals or any foreigner certifies that they are original and can be trusted across the globe. Attestation is a step to make all things done legitimately that any country's government or authority can trust.

The terms "attestation of certificates" and "attestation of documents" are equivalent. These are the essential services that one needs to acquire in order to have his documents lawfully authenticated. This procedure is also known as document legalisation.

However, the relevant authority requires different seals, signatures, and stamps. Therefore, India has numerous authorities at various levels for the attestation of documents for Indian citizens.


Why is attestation required?

The attestation of a certificate or document is required for a number of reasons. These are divided into internal and external matters. Internal matters can be concerned with judicial purposes like a Will and a Mortgage Deed.

Besides, people require credible documents for opening a bank account, obtaining a visa, performing business events and overseas employment. These are external matters that require papers to be legalised.


What makes attestation necessary?

A certificate or document must be attested for a variety of reasons. These are separated into internal and external issues. For example, internal issues can concern Will, and a Mortgage Deed may have legal implications.

Additionally, individuals need trustworthy documents to create bank accounts, obtain visas, participate in business activities, and find employment abroad. These are external issues that call for the legalisation of documents.


How are documents attested in India?

There are several authorities set up for attesting documents. These authorities attest the documents based on the requirements. These also reflect various attestation types:


  • Public Notary

It is essentially necessary for affidavits, which are sworn documents. The local notary public issues it after getting the credibility of the source. Once verified, The notary authenticates the document by signing it to legalise that document. 


  • Home Department

Home Department is exclusively meant for legalising personal documents, including birth certificates, death certificates, marriage certificates, bachelorhood certificates and non-availability of birth certificates (NABC). The home department of the state government authorises it.


  • HRD Attestation

The HRD, also called Human Resource Department, the HRD is a state entity that legalises educational documents and certificates like a transcript. It covers the academic history (including school and university) of the person. But before that, the applicant must verify it from the school or university.


  • HRD Certification

The HRD, also known as the Human Resource Department, is a state entity that authenticates diplomas and other academic documents like a transcript. It covers the person's educational background, including their time at high school and university. But before that, the applicant must verify it from the school or university.


  • SDM Attestation

In the place of the Home Department attestation, the Sub-Divisional Magistrate, or SDM, can be used. Some relevant departments or authorities have rigorous requirements for the HRD's attestation. The SD, on the other hand, is a free and autonomous government agency that acts at its own discretion.


  • MEA Attestation

It stands for the Ministry of External Affairs attestation. This is the last stage of legalization performed by the Union Government’s Home Department. It is identified through the MEA stamp or sticker at the back of the documents. Therefore, this ministry is crucial when it comes to handling immigration-related issues.

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